Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv Ujjain 2016 – Holy Dip Dates (Proposed Snaan Dates)
Chaitra Shukla Purnima – Vaishakha Shukla Purnima, Vikram Samvat 2073
Importance of holy dip during Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv
According to myth, holy dip in Kshipra river is very important during this festival.
माधवे धवले पक्षे सिंह जीवत्वेजे खौ।
तुलाराशि निशनाथे स्वातिभे पूर्णिमा तिथौ।
व्यतिपाते तु सम्प्राप्ते चन्द्रवासर -संचुते।
कुशस्थली -महाक्षेत्रे स्नाने मोक्षमवाच्युयात्।
Madhve Dhawle Pakshe Simha Jivatveje kho.
Tularashi Nishanathey swatibhey Purnima Tithou.
Vyatipatey Tu Sampraptey Chandravasar-Sanchute.
Kushsthali-Mahakshetre Snane Mokshmavachyuyaat.
(One gets salvation after taking a dip in the holy Kshipra river in Ujjain when the month is Vaishakh, Shukla Paksha, Jupiter is in Leo, Sun in Aries, Moon in Libra and Swati Nakshatra, Vyatipath Yog).
Holy dip in Kshipra can be taken at other places too, but during Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv taking it in Ujjain has a special meaning.
Legend has it that churning of ocean by the Devas (Gods) and the Danavas (Demons) yielded 14 gems :
Shri, Rambha, Vish, Varuni, Amiya, Shankh, Gajraj
Dhanwantari, Dhanu, Dhenu, Taru, Chandramaru, Mani, Baji.
The churning also yielded other things as a jar (Kumbh) full of Amrit (nectar).
Gods did not wish to share it with demons. At the instance of Lord Indra, the King of Gods, his son Jayanta tried to run away with the jar and was followed by some of the demons.
During the struggle for its possession, lasting for twelve days in the heaven, a few drops of the nectar dropped at four places corresponding with Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain and Nasik on the earth. The drops of nectar were well received by the holy rivers at these places.
It is to commemorate the drop of ambrosia into the sacred waters of Kshipra that the Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv festival is celebrated in Ujjain. Festival at the other three places is known by the more popular name Kumbh.
As the struggle for the possession of the nectar jar (Amrit Kumbh) lasted for twelve days in the heaven, the corresponding period turned out to be twelve years on the earth for the human beings.
Apart from the religious importance, the festival also has social significance. The festival could be described as huge public assemblage in 12 years. Sadhus, Saints and religious heads come here to attend Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparva. The common people find solace in their company.
Of the four Kumbhs, the Kumbh of Ujjain is called as Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv. The Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv is also famous for its unique features. According to Puranas, Kurukshetra has been described as 10 times more sacred than Prayag, Kashi is 10 times holier than Prayag, Gaya is 10 times holier than Kashi and Kushasthali or Ujjain is 10 times holier than Gaya. The presence of Kshipra river has doubled the importance of Ujjain.